Are Ethics Relative or Absolute? And Are Ethics Subjective or Objective?


Image credit: Karen Arnold

Are ethics relative or absolute? Why? And are ethics subjective or objective? To discuss this subject we need first to examine all the involved concepts and beyond as understood within a conscientiological approach. So let us start with the concepts of:

Subjectivity and Objectivity

There is a lot of discussion going on around these two concepts and their meaning, but what seems fundamental is the understanding that all one experiences (thoughts, feelings, sensations, actions, perception, interpretation, meaning) is experienced subjectively. This means it is all experienced by a subject – you, me, each one of us –  it is all experienced by a consciousness, and as such it is not directly experienced/observable/understood by any+Other.

It all happens ‘inside’ a subject. And each subject, each consciousness, has its own very unique matrix of producing thoughts and feelings, of reacting and acting – each one of us is a lens that sees, perceives and interprets reality, creating it, making it happen. Hence, each person holds a different understanding of reality; each one of us posits a different reality.

Ultimately, each one of us is conditioned in our way of perceiving, and that conditions not only our perception but what we perceive; reality itself.

What about objectivity? All consciousnesses rummage such a voyage, as described in the previous paragraph, through existence. In fact this voyage from unconscious awareness to conscious awareness is very objective indeed, and we all can bear witness.

The matter of subject and object also begets the tenet of duality: “I am the subject and what is not me, what is outside of me, can only be an object”. However, duality is always only apparent as all that is encompasses in its being or isness all that it is not.

In the end as was in the beginning, consciousness seems to be all there is. And consciousness can and actually does manipulate energy in ways we, whilst confined within this tridimensional existence of the physical body/world, cannot begin to imagine. But consciousness is never in this physical dimension. It can, or better, it does, manifest in many different dimensions.

Conscientiology is the science we posit to study consciousness. And to study consciousness, I start with me. I am the subject, the researcher, I am the object of my research, and my life and experience of reality is very objectively my laboratory.

Relative and Absolute

Resulting from all the above, in this dimension that we call physical, in our restricted and restrictive physical body – with our hence restricted level of perception and understanding, in our this level of our evolution – there is no absolute truth we can access or experience – there are only relative truths.

In this level of being, the belief in an absolute truth is generally dogmatic in nature, and it is very likely to be an inheritance from ancient human civilisations and religions. This belief may even be embedded in genetics and precursor of atavisms, as only the child without experience but pure and ready to believe, ready to start the voyage of self-awareness, can hold in awe and search for an Absolute Truth.

Experience will tell us that an Absolute Truth is unachievable, at least, in physical life.

Ethics & Morals

All human civilizations have established their codes of practice and conduct, based on values and principles considered useful and attainable for all members of the tribe, the city, the principality, the state, the nation. Therefore all codes of ethics, posited in the intra-physicality and tridimensionality of human life are restricted: first, to specific groups, cultures and civilisations, and second, to the restricted conditions of any consciousness manifesting in physical life, in a physical body.

When investigating consciousness, we therefore need to look into all consciousness manifestation and not just the restricted physical manifestation of the consciousness in its conventional daily ‘awakened state’.

Most Ethics

Most ethics posited in the history of mankind are conditional, in the sense that one needs to behave in a certain way in order to obtain a certain benefit.

They state something like: “If you do X, then it follows you will benefit of Y”. The best human ethic code is one that is ‘formal’ (as in it has form) but holds no ‘contents’ whatsoever, and the best example of this type of code is the Kantian imperative, which proposes to the consciousness:

“Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law without contradiction” (first formulation of the Categorical Imperative, Immanuel Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals)

However, when you consider reality in a wider scope, encompassing all existing consciousnesses and not only those at the moment ‘living’ in a physical body and having a physical experience (multiexistentiality); all possible dimensions of existence (multidimensionality), then all intra-physical ethics fall short.

What you need is a Cosmoethics, an ethics that posits that you do (think/feel/act) in such a way that it can become example to all consciousnesses, multidimensionally, an ethics of the Cosmos.


Cosmoethics implies a living sense of quiet, rational, multidimensional self-abnegation and altruism in face of the needs of not only Humanity, but also Parahumanity.

Targeting a good cosmoethical performance entails a deeper understanding, and hence practice, of what it is and how you do full-time assistance to (all multidimensional) consciousnesses. It therefore also comprehends:

      • A wider openness and understanding of what a sense of justice means
      • Better discernment; more lucidity (thinking clear); hyperacuity
      • Authenticity, coherence, constancy, perseverance, sustainability
      • A better level of consciential holosomatic balance, homeostasis
      • A capacity to produce self, and gradually, hetero-prophylaxis;
      • Holomaturity
      • Fraternity

Cosmoethics will bring about the more evolved living Homo Sapiens Fraternus, the Homo Sapiens Benevolens, the Homo Sapiens Cosmoethicus.

This level of Cosmoethical Consciousness represents the contrary of the Egocentric Consciousness.

Travelling Towards the Target

Each consciousness has a different level of Cosmoethics. Your level of Cosmoethics is who you are.

If you wish to better your level of Cosmoethics all you have to do is start to examine your present level. Start eviscerating your inner micro-universe. Find how it differs from the ethic code of your community. Find all the whys and hows.

Do you find any impediments, any inhibitions to achieve your target of a better cosmoethical level? Ignorance, obtuseness, paranoia, inflated ego, bad intention, bad memory, self-corruption can even hide your from finding yourself and who you really are.

Mapping Out the Path

What do we need to do? How do we find our level of Cosmoethics and quality of intention, and how to go about it?

We examine our levels of affability, altruism, moral authority, benevolence, civility, abnegation, compassion, competence, value, dignity, good principles, knowledge, our sense of beauty, equanimity, hope, kindness, jubilation, common sense, good hospitality, incorruptibility, optimism, joy, generosity, magnanimity, moderation, modesty, bonhomie, conciliation, integrity, gratitude, responsibility, sympathy, dedication, pure affection, simplicity, en route towards lucid Cosmoethics.

**For more info on the subject, please consult the Encyclopaedia of Conscientiology

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One response to “Are Ethics Relative or Absolute? And Are Ethics Subjective or Objective?”

  1. Melanie Messner says:

    A very interesting article, Liliana! When I was studying Philosophy and we were taught about Ethics, I had the very same in mind. Thanks for the informative article! I want more of that. 🙂

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